Author: Libby Hepburn

Global Citizen Science practitioners invited to contribute to UNESCO’s 2021 initiative to promote Open Science

Open Science, the movement working to make research more accessible and transparent, has been developing since the late 1990s. Citizen Science, has been developing in parallel and benefits from many of the technological advances that have allowed Open Science to flourish.

As our networks have been working hard to raise the profile, understanding and uptake of Citizen Science so those encouraging the practice of Open Science have been doing the same with increasing success.

Now with an understanding of the importance of the widespread collaboration of communities and science to address urgent planetary challenges, UNESCO has identified the need to encourage science to be more connected to societies’ needs and to offer real opportunities to allow everyone to participate and benefit from what science can offer. They have established a process for developing a global standard setting Recommendation on Open Science which they expect will be adopted by the UNESCO General Conference in 2021. This will be a formal agreement which will acknowledge the importance of Open Science and agree global standards making this approach to research more valuable for policy makers, governments and society.

We are very pleased that Citizen Science has been recognised as a key element of Open Science and the global Citizen Science community has been invited to contribute to this process as part of the expert Advisory Committee. The first request was to develop a short paper on ‘Global Citizen Science perspectives on Open Science’ where the views of 63 Citizen Science practitioners from 24 countries (including 5 from Australia) were synthesised into the paper responding to UNESCO’s key themes. This paper can be found  here.

From our consultation it became clear that there is a consensus that Citizen Science is understood to be an important pillar of Open Science. There is also now significant expertise within both the Open Science and Citizen Science movements making this UNESCO initiative an opportune time for us jointly to consider how to maximise the opportunities of collaboration to make further advances together.

In order to “bring citizens closer to science”, the Citizen Science movement works to “leave no one behind” and develop co-creative processes which engage communities in research and learning which is relevant to their concerns. This is the particular aspect of Open Science which UNESCO has highlighted in this initiative which Citizen Science embodies, so we are confident we can make a significant contribution to this work.

Recognising this consultation is a significant opportunity for the advancement of Citizen Science, the Citizen Science & Open Science Community of Practice (CoP) has been established under the umbrella of the Citizen Science Global Partnership (CSGP). This CoP will allow members access to learn from and contribute to the networks of Citizen Science communities across the world to enrich the UNESCO consultation process for the Recommendation. If you are interested in joining this CoP please register here.

UNESCO is particularly keen to encourage Indigenous communities to contribute to this process from the beginning.

Any questions and for further comments please contact: Libby Hepburn (co-chair CSGP Open Science & Citizen Science Community of Practice)

Citizen Science perspectives on Open Science – questionnaire

UNESCO is developing a global policy and regulatory agenda on Open Science (UNESCO Recommendation on Open Science) that will include Citizen Science as one important pillar. We have created a Citizen Science & Open Science Community of Practice (CoP) within the Citizen Science Global Partnership to establish a cooperation with UNESCO on that initiative.

The first request of this partnership with UNESCO is to produce a short paper by the end of May 2020.  The paper shall reflect the Citizen Science perspective on Open Science and its development in future.

If you would like to get involved in the Community of Practice, or to contribute to the paper, please contact Libby Heburn on 0458 798 990.

For more information on the UNESCO Open Science agenda please click here.

UN Science Policy Business Forum & UNEA4, Nairobi March 2019

Report of the citizen science delegation to the UN Science Policy Business Forum and UN Environment Assembly 4 Nairobi March 2019

By Libby Hepburn

Amongst a cast of thousands from across the globe, the citizen science delegation in Nairobi included 20+ representatives from the global citizen science community, Europe, US, Australia, Africa, Madagascar, Asia, South America….The focus of our big delegation was for strong advocacy across as many sessions as possible to promote citizen science as a valuable and significant provider of data towards the SDGs, bringing in local knowledge and changing behaviours.

Representatives from the global citizen science community in Nairobi

Building on the great work done in 2017, when citizen science was really introduced as an important concept, the citizen science team was again organised, co-ordinated and inspired by Martin Brocklehurst. We met before and after every day during both main events, to share insights and contacts, usually in the famous café where we enjoyed great Kenyan coffee.

The key theme of the Science Policy Business Forum seemed to be that data alone achieves nothing. There was an amazing array of technologies on display, but an acknowledgement that there are many data gaps and progress towards the SDGs will only be achieved with the transformation of the way we work and the engagement of public and civil society in this great endeavour.

Citizen science and its critical part in contributing to the SDGs, was mentioned in the opening plenary of both main sessions and many of the other presentations and discussions. The level of understanding of all its potential may be questioned, but citizen science is definitely the hot topic at this global policy forum just now.

Many of the presentations talked about the huge advances in Earth Observation technologies and showed great examples from developed and developing countries and the oceans where previously impossible to measure or influence problems are becoming seen and therefore able to be tackled.

Again and again people from many different perspectives working on many different kinds of problems were saying that we are getting access to much more detailed data, but for the SDGs there are still many data gaps which are becoming more evident as the whole 2030 Agenda moves forward. There is also much data which will not be of any use unless there is the engagement of local communities to ground truth and action what is becoming known.

Our citizen science global community has had great visibility, with presentations by Dilek Fraisl, Anne Bowser, Martin Brocklehurst, Jacquie McGlade and Herizo Andrianandras showcasing key projects and demonstrating the value we can bring to the sustainable development agenda.

We are getting the clear message that it is incumbent on our global community to demonstrate its capability through results. In Nairobi, we were an international delegation representing the Citizen Science Global Partnership(CSGP) which is in its early stages of development and the UN who encouraged its formation two years ago, wants to see it institutionalised in some way so they have a single entry point to act as an interface for all the world’s citizen science networks.

At the end of the UN Science Policy Business Forum, we added a day-long workshop for all the delegates present, working as the CSGP Task Force to develop proposals for the governance of the Partnership. There was a planning meeting of the SDG/citizen science Maximisation group and we announced another CSGP hub in Geneva hosted by the Citizen Cyberlab and University of Zurich – just a desk and meeting room so far, but at the heart of the UN.

A positive and powerful declaration of citizen science’s advances and aims was announced at the end of the Science Policy Business Forum and was included by UNEA4 in their records and final declaration. It is added here for you to see.

Citizen Science on the world stage at UNEA4 in Nairobi

By Libby Hebpurn

The Citizen Science Global Partnership (CSGP) will have a delegation of 15 contributing to the UN Science-Policy-Business Forum (SPBF) on the Environment  and the United Nations Environment Assembly 4 to be held in Nairobi from March 8 – 13th.

We will have representatives of the major citizen science associations in Africa, Asia, USA, Europe and Australia and this year, citizen science is firmly on the agenda in both sessions. This is significant for the development of the movement as these are the major policy forums for world-leading actions on the environment and this year the theme of the SPBF is; Innovative solutions for environmental challenges and sustainable consumption and production. Recommendations from the Forum inform the UN Environment Assembly and the UN’s work on the Sustainable Development Goals and participating will be leaders from the worlds of Government, Finance, Industry, Science, Citizen Science and Civil Society. The forum is designed to tear down traditional barriers between these sectors and the citizen science delegation will be busy contributing to that process and demonstrating what valuable contributions we can make.

We will be contributing presentations in several streams including Science for decision making: Shaping policies and Market Responses and Redesigning the Metropolis: Smarter, Greener Solutions for Cities. A new global citizen science video will be premiered at this event.

We will then take a supporting role in session 2.  Laying the Foundations for a Global Platform for Big Data on the Environment using Frontier TechnologiesSession 6. Sustainable Food for a Healthy Planet and in  Session 5. The Climate Challenge and Non-State Actors: From Transparency to Leadership.  In this session (Reuters who are organising it) have asked for CS input.

Finally with respect to Session  4.  Green Technology Startup Hub we aim to have a presence in the Hub and to stimulate discussions with Venture capital Funds over the opportunity CS presents for new business partnerships.

In the main UNEA4  citizen science will feature in the text of the Ministerial Declaration; in the Global Environmental Outlook (GEO); and the CSGP, with support UNEP, will be able to make major new announcements at UNEA4 and the UNSPBF on its development (more details will follow in due course). We have citizen science in the negotiated GEO-6 summary for policy makers and the main report. We understand the USA want citizen science in the resolution for the next GEO so it appears the governments in relation to UNEP are accepting that citizen science is a fundamental component of moving forward with regards to monitoring our environment. A concept for possible funding called ‘GEO-6 – Citizen Science’ is proposed.

Much of the progress at these global events has been based on the hard work done by the delegation who attended UNEA3, where Erin Roger represented ACSA and the delegation was led by Martin Brocklehurst and Johannes Vogel from ECSA. It was at that event that the Citizen Science Global Partnership was launched, giving citizen science and ACSA a leadership role with the important global institutions.

Progress on the world stage reflects well on Australia as an innovative leader in citizen science and this should flow back into higher recognition and support through government policy and funding.

Libby Hepburn

Martin Brocklehurst in Australia: Citizen Science advocacy and insights at a global level

By Libby Hepburn

Martin Brocklehurst’s instructions to me were to fill his visit with as many important and influential people as possible, who might help develop citizen science in Australia – so I did. The result has been an amazing journey with global and local insights into a multitude of citizen science initiatives and a hugely positive and energised response from people across the country. It’s a great time for citizen science!

Martin Brocklehurst is one of the Founders of the European Citizen Science Association (ECSA), Chair of the ECSA Policy working group, instigator of the Global Mosquito Alert Consortium (GMAC) and has played a key part in the formation of the Citizen Science Global Partnership (CSGP).

His illustrious career has included high level government appointments in the Environment Agency (England & Wales) and with major oil companies (BP & Chevron). He is also a sought-after speaker and consultant internationally on the Circular Economy and was adviser to the UK House of Commons Environment Audit Committee enquiry “Growing the Circular Economy – Ending the throwaway society” July 2014[1].

Martin’s three-week itinerary from Brisbane to Canberra, Melbourne and Sydney included public seminars and meetings with those already working with citizen science and those who can find value through citizen science in Australian policy making.

He offered presentations targeted to his different audiences, describing the uptake of citizen science as a normal element of government agency strategy in both the USA and Europe. He described the latest challenge from the United Nations that citizen science has a very significant role to play in helping to achieve the Agenda 2030 through the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

The citizen science community is young yet and finding its own way in the world through our Associations – with Europe, the USA, and Australia leading.  But citizen science communities in other areas of the world are now emerging and the Citizen Science Global Partnership has been formed to act as an interface with global institutions.

Martin spoke of the amazing advances of technology that are allowing us to think of citizen science projects on huge scales across nations and across the world. Good projects begun in one country suddenly being taken up in others without any promotion except through social media and word of mouth – unexpected results of open science and open technologies. He also talked about air quality citizen science in Antwerp (Curieuze Neuzen Vlaanderen) [2] where 10K passive diffusion tubes were made for participants to purchase and use in the survey, where 20K+ people wanted to take part and where pop concert events were used to share the results to communities.

The UK OPAL[3] Citizen Science for Everyone project, originally led by Dr Linda Davies is one of Martin’s inspirations, and it remains a beacon of good practice and large-scale engagement and impact today 10 years on.

So many great stories Martin shared of the amazing power and potential of citizen science across the 17 SDGs.  Yet a common theme emerged of agencies still seeing difficulties in using citizen science derived data in reporting progress towards the SDGs. For them it’s not “business as usual” and although the UN and organisations like the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) are recognising that non-traditional data sources are essential if the SDGs are to be achieved, at present there is a credibility gap that needs to be addressed by citizen science. Citizen Science methods still remain to be incorporated into the recognised methods to gather data for reporting against the SDGs.  Opportunities exist to support Tier 3 Indicators where “no internationally established methodology or standards are yet available for the indicator, but methodology/standards are being (or will be) developed or tested”.[4]

During our tour, we met experts from universities, the Mosquito Conference in Brisbane, Queensland University of Technology, CSIRO, Monash Sustainable Dev.Inst., Melbourne Water, Vic. Waterwatch, the Commissioner for Environmental Sustainability Vic., Geoscience Australia and the Australian Museum.  And all admitted there are issues around data acceptability, whether real or imagined, but were all working to explore ways to work with community on meaningful research, whether around health, environment, water or pollution, and ensure data quality.

We were very pleased to see that in Australia there are a number of organisations who are at the leading edge of best practice in their work and reporting, and who are all convinced of the power of citizen science to deliver data and strategic objectives.

One of the keystone principles of citizen science is open data and usually open methodologies and Martin illuminated the possibilities of large-scale, global projects where data can be collected at a high level of granularity, yet also aggregated, analysed and presented in ways that will be acceptable to national government agencies and global organisations such as the UN and WMO.

The SDGs are rapidly becoming a common overarching framework for sane development strategies worldwide and are being adopted by many organisations at all sorts of scales. Martin’s visit was brought to a wide audience through the good offices of the United Nations Association Australia (UNAA) and the Royal Society, who hosted the majority of the public events in Brisbane, Melbourne and Sydney. They are convinced of citizen science’s value and importance, particularly towards the SDGs which are their main focus. The mixed audiences at these events – which included members from both the Queensland ACSA Chapter and the Victorian ACSA Chapter – were very receptive to what were evidently new ideas and examples and possibilities, and the post seminar discussions were lively and constructive. The UNAA sees a partnership with ACSA as being a mutually beneficial relationship for the future and have already suggested we might present to the Prime Minister and Cabinet Group through their auspices.

We were also fortunate to have discussions with the Australian Government Office of the Chief Scientist and senior officials in the Australian Government Department of Industry, Innovation & Science, the Australian Bureau of Statistics and the Office of the Queensland Chief Scientist.  Further positive meetings with the Australian Academy of Science, Inspiring Australia and the National Science and Technology Centre indicated that more people are recognising there is a bright future for citizen science in Australia.

Suggestions have been made that ACSA should consider developing a decadal plan to accelerate citizen science in Australia, it is in a good position to support Australia’s “soft diplomacy” and that the timing is right for a government department’s community of practice to explore the role of citizen science in supporting the development and implementation of Government Policy in Australia. This reflected the feeling at a meeting organised by Stephanie von Gavel at CSIRO, where a number of different government agency representatives were able to discuss a range of issues around citizen science, policy and how Australia reports against the SDG indicators.

The largest public event was organised by Stephanie at CSIRO where over 50 people attended and more joined the seminar by video link. The presentation is now available here[5].

Our estimate is that Martin has met with or presented to over 250 people from more organisations than we can count, at both State and National level, at 21 meetings over the three weeks of his visit.

This has been a unique opportunity to press the case for development of an institutional framework for citizen science within the policy development and implementation responsibilities of the Federal and State Governments of Australia.

Martin was able to show case the route map used in the US[6]  – through the Executive Office of the President and the Crowd Sourcing and Citizen Science Act of 2016[7] .  He also gave examples from the European Union where the work of the Knowledge Exchange Network established across the various Departments of the EU resulted in the adoption of recommendations contained in a paper “Citizen Science in EU Policies – Policy Brief 15th March 2018.  Subsequent briefing papers are already impacting the allocation of EU  Research Funds[8] and the way EU Policies are being implemented by National Governments.  The European Heads of the Environment Agencies now have an active working group on Citizen Science that is exploring how to put in place an EU wide Citizen Science Project to tackle air pollution in European Cities.  This group and the Heads of Environmental Protection Authorities Australia and New Zealand (HEPA) clearly have common interests in how citizen science can support their work.

The challenge now is to build on the interest and energy that exists and find Australian mechanisms to embed citizen science as a routine part of Government Policy development and implementation across Australia.

Thank you to the following supporters for help making Martin’s visit possible: 

Libby Hepburn
Chair – Atlas of Life in the Coastal Wilderness, ACSA Founding Member and Chair – global SDG and Citizen Science Maximisation group
September 25th 2018